By Joanna S. Smith
Dramatic social and political swap marks the interval from the top of the overdue Bronze Age into the Iron Age (ca. 1300–700 BCE) around the Mediterranean. Inland palatial facilities of bureaucratic strength weakened or collapsed ca. 1200 BCE whereas entrepreneurial alternate through sea survived or even elevated, turning into the Mediterranean-wide community of Phoenician exchange. on the middle of that method was once Kition, one of many biggest harbor towns of historic Cyprus. past study has instructed that Phoenician rule used to be proven at Kition after the abandonment of a part of its Bronze Age cost. A reexamination of Kition’s structure, stratigraphy, inscriptions, sculpture, and ceramics demonstrates that it was once no longer deserted. This research emphasizes the situation and scale of pictures and the way they exhibit the improvement of financial and social keep an eye on at Kition from its institution within the 13th century BCE till the improvement of a centralized type of govt by means of the Phoenicians, sponsored through the Assyrian king, in 707 BCE.
Uses a clean method of analyzing financial and social keep an eye on throughout the context and scale of important images
Features new images of fifty seven items and new drawings of fifteen gadgets came across at Kition
Complete rereading of all Cypriot ceramics stumbled on there from the 13th century during the 7th century BCE
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Additional info for Art and Society in Cyprus from the Bronze Age into the Iron Age
The seals themselves, from their condition, location of discovery, and iconography, can suggest whether or not they were meant for administrative purposes. 27 Much more common archaeologically are impressions made by carved wooden rollers, as large as seven centimeters in height, used to make long rolled impressions on the surface of large, often human-scale, storage pithos vessels. 28 The direct association of the seal impression with the object obviates the separation of the mark from the object as a separate, discrete record for an archive.
5 Its relationship to the Iron Age script of the island, Cypriot Syllabic, 6 is not clear. There was a morphological connection, but there may not be any similarity in the language represented. Cypriot Syllabic was used most often for inscriptions in Greek, but there are several texts that are unreadable, suggesting that the syllabary was also used for a language or languages specific to the island, which might have had antecedents in the Bronze Age. 7 The Phoenician script was known on the island by the tenth century BCE and continued in use, most notably at Kition, throughout the first millennium BCE.
44 Some could have been used for holding down the roofing of buildings. 4 5 At Kition-Kathari, all the other twenty-four weights appear to equate with standardized systems of measurement. All but one of these was studied by JacquesClaude Courtois for the publication of the excavations at Kition by the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus. Courtois outlined the weight systems to which they belong. 46 Some examples, being of stone worked into shape by grinding and polishing, were also studied by Carolyn Elliott, who identified them all as possible 32 @;@ KITION weights, but also offered other possible uses for them, based on use wear, such as hammering, pounding, grinding, polishing, burnishing, rubbing, and cutting.
Art and Society in Cyprus from the Bronze Age into the Iron Age by Joanna S. Smith