By Fredrik Fahlander.
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Extra resources for Archaeology as Science Fiction: a Microarchaeology of the Unknown
Leach, when discussing the impact of outside influence, states that "traditional culture is simply not available and has never been" (Leach 1989:39; see also Service 1962:8, Wolf 1982). Leach stresses that 'outside influence' has been neglected in the history of anthropology and hence created a distorted picture of 'traditional' cultures. For instance, Malinowski 'overlooked' that before he arrived at the Trobriand Islands in 1916, there had been Christian missionaries and traders present at least twenty years before his arrival (Gosden 1999:41).
Wallerstein estimates that multiple social formations co-existed in the period between 8000 BC and 1500 AD. After that period they began to consolidate within a capitalistic framework and resulted in a single world system by the late 19th century (Wallerstein 1987:317f, 1974-89). 39 Archaeology as science-fiction environmental or demographic conditions). g. division of labour between the sexes as a natural 'development'. Comparing apples and oranges? Notwithstanding the difficulties, the constructionist, intersocietal perspective that has been suggested here has radical consequences for both anthropology and archaeology.
Shanks and Tilley also add a fourth level of hermeneutics in the specific study of the past stressing the distance in time. It is perhaps a bit silly to stress that remoteness of time and space require additional levels of hermeneutics, but there are nevertheless differences in 2 Shanks & Hodder 1991:10. See also Tambiah's (1990:111) notion of double subjectivity, and Harris (1990:48ff) and Gellner (1985:145) on the distinction between 'emic' (the perspective of the object) and 'etic' (the concepts, abstractions etc.
Archaeology as Science Fiction: a Microarchaeology of the Unknown by Fredrik Fahlander.