By Beth Alpert Nakhai
Archaeological information, while considered objectively, supply self sustaining witness to the non secular practices of the traditional population of Syria-Palestine and support to spot the vital half that faith performed within the social and political worlds of the Israelites and Canaanites. by means of employing present anthropological and sociological concept to historic fabrics excavated during the last 80 years, the writer bargains a brand new method of the archaeological info. 'Archaeology and the Religions of Canaan and Israel' summarizes and analyzes the archaeological continues to be from all identified center Bronze via Iron Age temples, sanctuaries, and open-air shrines to bare the ways that social, monetary and political relationships determined—and have been formed by—forms of spiritual association.
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Extra info for Archaeology and the Religions of Canaan and Israel (ASOR Books 7)
Bolle investigated the importance of economic priorities in dictating the choice of sacrificial animal. E. Among the Khond, for an offering to be efficacious it had to represent an economic commitment. Human victims were acceptable only if they had been purchased and the act of purchase was stressed in formulas recited at the sacrifice: “We bought you with a price, and did not seize you. Now we sacrifice you according to custom, and no sin rests with us” (1983: 48). In the same way, when a Nuer substituted a wild cucumber for an animal victim, he stipulated that an animal later acquired could be offered as replacement for that sacrificed cucumber (Evans-Pritchard 1956: 203).
11 This perspective was not limited to Protestants. Y. Kaufmann, an Israeli Jewish scholar claimed that Israelite religion bore no relation to those of the surrounding cultures, despite vestigial pagan superstitions surviving in Israelite cult (1960). 12 Rowley 1946; Gordon 1953; Orlinsky 1954; Pfeiffer 1961; Gray 1962; Habel 1964; Hahn 1966; Krauss 1966; Ringgren 1966; Segert 1967; Vriezen 1967; Orlinsky 1972. 13 The “New Archaeology” movement of the 1980s, a movement developed by archaeologists in the United States, challenged excavators to: (1) consider social systems; (2) understand the processes behind the formation of archaeological remains; and (3) base their work upon commonly accepted scientific principles including the development of research designs prior to excavating (see Dever 1983; 1988; and references in both).
Gods). Science, like magic, was based upon the belief that the world could be successfully understood and manipulated (Anderson 1987: 6–7). THE CONTRIBUTION OF SOCIAL SCIENCES TO THE STUDY OF RELIGION 21 Sacrifice, in Frazer’s opinion, developed from magical practices. The king or tribal chief was believed to have sacred or divine powers that assured the tribe’s well-being. As the ruler aged, these powers diminished, thus jeopardizing tribal well-being. To forestall complete disaster, the king was made a scapegoat and sacrificed, thereby removing his weakness from the tribe.
Archaeology and the Religions of Canaan and Israel (ASOR Books 7) by Beth Alpert Nakhai